The Best Chess Players Over Time (Estimated By Accuracy)

Take a journey through the history of chess and see the best chess players over time. The X-axis represents the year and Y-axis represents Elo estimated by accuracy as calculated by

This visual representation allows you to see when players like Bobby Fisher, Garry Kasparov, Magnus Carlsen, and Jose Capablanca performed across history.

Data and Methodology:

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  1. While not a quarter as impressive as Fischer, Capablanca, or Kasparov. Did you see how quickly Ding Liren rose in the last bit?

  2. Sure, I'm impressed but I already knew that Fischer was better than either Karpov or Kasparov. What really stood out to me is how Steinitz could've been so dominant for such a long time. What an incredible guy.

  3. Mir sultan khan:the all time 'Legend'

  4. Love how Bobby Fischer escapes into outer space at 3:39. Truly the greatest.

  5. Fisher had his own league that's why he was so much above from his competition as seen in video. He went crazy because in short time he knew there is nothing more to be conquered. Same old openings, positions, strategies and it was lame for his genius.

  6. The best chess player in history is Sakuni Mama from Mahabharat

  7. I think Carlsen is by far the best player in chess history. He has to compete against high level computer preparation and still manages to keep his elo rating. We can talk how much we want about the genius of players from different eras but the only thing that count is that he has a knowledge of the game that nobody has ever had. Geniuses like Morphy or Capablanca would be literally crushed even by Naka, So, Dubov or Duda for example. Maybe some legends would have become stronger than carlsen with engine, who knows, but the reality is that he is the GOAT. 🤷‍♂️

  8. Robert James Fischer; or, Bobby Fischer to his friends in the Chess World, is – to me – the World Chess Champion GENIUS of the world chess champion geniuses – of all time. How come? Why?

    Fischer Thinking Chess System embraces

    * The combined "prodigious chess thinking" of:

    Emanuel Lasker

    Jose Raul Capablanca

    Mikhail Tal. And,

    * The subtle original mathematical thinking of:

    Isaac Newton

    Leonhard Euler

    Carl Friedrich Gauss

    James Clerk Maxwell,

    GF Bernhard Riemann; and that of

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


    Despite all his faults as a 'human being', he lives in his own human capacity in quest for INNER truth, beauty & goodness of life in the context of humanity of a true world peace to find the heart of true human joy – which to his mind & soul, he could do it humbly in the arts & science of Chess by his own talents & genius – showing to the World he loves that, again, despite being son of broken family, & a high school dropout in his limited capacity to live normal schooling life as much as he still lives at peace with everyone, and to Michael TahL [ who is his chess close friend; and to Philippine Chess Legend. The 1st Asian Chess Grandmaster in 1972, at age: 22 yrs old! And In 2021, Eugene Torre was inducted into the World Chess Hall of Fame. He served as Bobby Fischer's second in the 1992 match against Boris Spassky in Yugoslavia. that is, Eugene Torre is Fischer closest friend in the Chess World, up to the time Fischer sadly expired on January 17, 2008, Fischer & GM Torre had been communicating from hearts of brothers on Earth], yes, despite all these facts & most unfortunate events in his life, still & yet still, it remains that:

    Robert James Fischer is the Greatest Chess Champion Genius of all time on Earth

    – whose human heart & soul of a child has long been wishing a World of True Peace; dreaming a World of True Humanity – from the core of his heart & greatest innermost dream of his most suffering spirit filled with more than 2,785 WHY's and Why's and why's …

    Thank you all; thank you Booby, RIP. Gpw Bernard Bautista Rementilla

  9. Lol so the main conclusion based on the comments is that Carlsen is far inferior to all the guys who were playing chess prior to computers and engines, the only reason Carlsen achieved anything is because he was born in a later era with more aids for him. If any of the pre chess engine players were around at the same time as Carlsen he would be soundly beaten.

    Or is Carlsen actually good?

  10. In my opinion capablanca and fischer is a standout. during capablancas time chess tournaments much fewer compare today. But bobby fischer abruptly end his chess career while still in his pick. but he already have 2,916 wow amazing.

  11. Top 5 of all time: Kasparov, Capablanca, Fisher, Magnus C. and Morphy, in that order.

  12. Can you please put that music playlist out?

  13. That moment fisher goes upper untill disappeared…..

  14. Fischer swoops on to the scene, breaks the graph and dips

  15. In A way bobby was right , engines killed the fact of real worship to chess , I mean once u use engines everyday to upgrade ur game that’s just not ur creativity . U need to find the best moves urself . Before engines no one if a move was bad or good until they practised and worshipped chess all day

  16. Adolf Anderssen doing sinusoidal waves 😂

  17. Magnus is the all formats champion, something that the other champions never acheieved or were able to prove hence he is the goat.

  18. Facts

    Some Fischer facts

    Born: March 9, 1943 in Chicago, Illinois

    Died: January 17, 2008 in Reykjavik, Iceland

    Learned the rules of chess at age 6!: 1949

    First recorded tournament game: July 1955

    International Grandmaster title: 1958

    U.S. Champion eight times in eight attempts!: 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966

    Winner of: every tournament and match in which he participated from December, 1962 through World Championship match 1972 with the exceptions of Capablanca Memorial, 1965, (2nd place – ½ point behind Smyslov), and Piatigorsky Cup, 1966, (2nd place – ½ point behind Spassky).

    Bobby Fischer’s tournament and match results: 415 wins, 248 draws and 85 losses out of 748 games played from 1955 through 1992 for a performance average of .721 or 72.1%

    Fischer’s highest achieved rating: 2785 ELO.

  19. judith polgar is the only woman to enter this list impressive!!

  20. Capablanca playing at a 2780 in the early 1900’s is what stood out to me.

  21. Bobby fisher was the best of all time

  22. Fischer with today's resources would demolish every single player

  23. Chess is a dead god Caissa ⚘ 🌚 👍 Rest in the good news ⚘ Okay bye

  24. Very enjoyable. Though, didn't Anderssen and Paulsen both beat Kolisch? So I guess context is still important when it's humans playing other humans.

  25. Morphy, Capablanca, Fischer, Carlsen… the GOAT's in my list. Honorific mention list would be Kasparov, Karpov, and the Queen herself JUDIT POLGAR.

  26. Vishy Anand – Still going Strong 😉

  27. In my opinion, between 1910 and 1920, Rubinstein was better than everyone

  28. where the hell did this data come from? it's a joke.

  29. I would like to see one of these where it's accuracy outside of opening preparation. I think that would help minimize some of the advantages modern players have with engines.

  30. Just to show how amazing Magnus is. In the modern day, engines are much more convenient. You would seem to think that the competition would be much closer but Magnus stomps them all.

  31. This proves clearly that Euwe was in fact not the weakest world champion at all, but actually a strong one and the rightful world champion. Which I have always believed.

  32. carlsen doesnt realize how lucky he is thar fischer wasnt born ariund rhe same yeaes because he would compeltly crush him 1969 no internet playing all by yourself and 2900 elo? How is rhat even humanly posible insane imagime if he was born same as carlsen 3k elo no problem

  33. That is a pathetic method to determine the GOAT !!
    Just make this TEST ….. instead which is very accurate !
    1) Imagine to live in the same TIME that Morphy or Fisher or Capablanca Lived
    2) Imagine to try to achieve , in the same condition they were , [ No Tutorials , no PCs , no Books ]
    imagine then to achieve what they did !!
    …..3) Now choose the Best players of All Times ….. once you filled their shoes !
    I am sure your List will Look very similar to this [Following] :

    Best of All times :
    1) Paul Morphy [ Hands down …. an Alien Basically ]
    2) Capablanca [ He Lost ONLY 35 Games in his All Career ]
    3) Bobby Fisher or Tal [ Not even early PCs Could Find TAL 's Moves ]
    4) Tal or Bobby Fisher [ Bobby invented new ways to Play …Destroyed a whole Country [URSS]]
    5) Alekhine
    12) Kasparov …… [ Sorry PCs were available …. too Late to Match the other champions ! ]
    13) Carlsenn …… [ Sorry PCs were available …. too Late to Match the other champions ! ]


  34. Actually Magnus could reach more accuracy, but he does not need it. He prefer playing slightly worse positions to surprise his opponents.

  35. Jesus Christ Morphy achieved almost 2600 in his era. WTF. This is the most impressive thing in chess I have ever seen if these results are accurate.

  36. Accuracy is studying thousands of games and avoiding the mistakes those players made. Comparing players of different eras to determine strength is invalid.

  37. This visualization does NOT use FIDE Elo ratings which only came into use in 1970. This visualization is created from calculating accuracy (computed in for each player's classical games and converting each player's accuracy to an estimated Elo rating. Our method is described in full here:

    Abacaba has a beautiful video ( which shows Elo, CMR, and Edo, three different systems which are not comparable across time. By comparing all players to the same standard (computer accuracy), our method provides more comparable estimates of performance for players who played in different eras.

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